March Mableton Insanity: The Huge Dance of De-annexation

By John A. Tures, Professor of Political Science, LaGrange School

The largest story in Cobb County this month is….the Kennesaw State College Owls making the March Insanity match and almost pulling off an upset over closely favored Xavier. However the Metropolis of Mableton March elections and subsequent drive for de-annexation isn’t too far behind. Will the winners be the de-annexers, supporters, or somebody who needs lodging between each teams? And may extra incorporations in Cobb County be far behind?

Ever for the reason that Democrats made large positive factors within the Cobb County Fee elections in traditionally Republican territory, these opposing such modifications have sought methods to reduce these earth-shaking elections. Redrawing districts was one plan, whereas incorporating cities inside Cobb County may deprive the more and more blue area of a tax income.

Mableton was the one profitable bid; failures for comparable strikes got here in East Cobb, Misplaced Mountain and Vinings. East Cobb appears to reflect the GOP fears about county tendencies.

In fact, the state legislature has one thing to say, however after the Buckhead expertise of their unsuccessful secession bid from Atlanta, there’s in all probability much less enthusiasm to getting burned twice. It wasn’t simply the unsuccessful Senate vote within the Basic Meeting. A ballot commissioned by Emory professors confirmed that even Buckhead residents weren’t too enamored with having their very own metropolis, which can properly have been a partial one when it comes to service. In combination, it was virtually a 3:1 margin towards Buckhead cityhood, with even residents of that proposed space opposing turning into their very own metropolis by a 14-point margin.

Don’t get me fallacious; incorporation is the stylish development. Based on the U.S. Census Bureau, early two-thirds of People stay in cities, and within the final decade, that inclination for incorporation grew by virtually 14 p.c. It’s up within the South, although in Georgia, a good variety of the state select to stay in unincorporated areas, greater than the Midwest and West.

Suppose the politics of annexation and incorporation are all about cash? Suppose once more. Evaluation of annexations present it’s not at all times about funds. That’s not less than what D. Andrew Austin concludes in “Politics vs. Economics: Proof from Municipal Annexation.” As an alternative of tussling over tax bases, such encroachment circumstances have been concerning the racial results of city migration. I’ve been informed the transfer is extra about politics and management, not race, however a scholar jogged my memory in debates over district drawing that political and racial gerrymandering have gotten more and more blurred.

Few research of empirical information on de-annexation exist. A notable exception is “Tiebout Revisited: Redrawing Jurisdictional Boundaries” by Steven Garasky and Donald R. Haurin. The authors conclude “The paradox of the research is that whereas the empirical outcomes assist this intertemporal issues speculation, one can argue that the speculation itself relies on irrational conduct. Excessive property worth proudly owning voters are hypothesized to assist the de-annexation try in hope of being a part of the following wave of de-annexers, however their assist of the problem leaves them, not less than instantly, with a bigger fiscal deficit and reduces their chance of success sooner or later.”

These seemingly obvious paradoxes bleed over to the Mableton municipal contests which may determine whether or not annexers or de-annexers would win, and what they’d do. It’s clear from the Buckhead case that convincing locals of the plan might matter greater than attempting to push so arduous for a coverage, when the folks of that space aren’t essentially on board with that plan.

John A. Tures is a professor of political science at LaGrange School in LaGrange, Georgia. His views are his personal. He might be reached at His Twitter account is JohnTures2.

Add Comment